Volume 2 Supplement 1

5th German Conference on Cheminformatics: 23. CIC-Workshop

Open Access

Evolutionary design of selective adenosine receptor ligands

  • Horst van der Eelke1,
  • J Kruisselbrink1,
  • A Aleman1,
  • MT Emmerich1,
  • Andreas Bender1 and
  • AP IJzerman1
Journal of Cheminformatics20102(Suppl 1):P48

DOI: 10.1186/1758-2946-2-S1-P48

Published: 04 May 2010

Evolutionary de novo design is the design of new active compounds from scratch, using evolutionary principles. It involves an iterative cycle of structure generation, evaluation, and selection of candidate structures. Selected candidates serve as input for the next generation. By repeatedly selecting only the best structures as basis for structure generation, the process evolves toward better (not necessarily best) solutions. Here, we applied an evolutionary algorithm (the Molecule Commander) for the design of selective adenosine receptor ligands. Generated compounds were all rule-of-5 compliant and had a polar surface areas between 0 and 140 Å2, favorable for intestinal absorption. In addition, toxic compounds were filtered out using a categorical SVM model for prediction of mutagenicity trained on Ames-test mutagenicity data (5-fold ROC score: 0.8948). Four pharmacophores were designed, one for each human adenosine receptor subtype. The hA1 receptor pharmacophore served as objective for the evolution, while the three other pharmacophores served as negative objective in order to obtain selectivity. In order to measure similarity with known adenosine receptor ligands, ring systems and scaffolds in the generated compounds were compared with those extracted from adenosine ligands in the StARLITe database. With each new generation, the structures displayed an increasing number of ring systems also found in adenosine receptor ligands while the number of unique core structures (scaffolds) increased as well. Eventually, the best (ADMET and pharmacophore score) candidate structures will be proposed for synthesis and tested for activity.

Authors’ Affiliations

Division of Medicinal Chemistry, Leiden/Amsterdam Center for Drug Research, Leiden University


© Eelke et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2010

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.