Volume 3 Supplement 1
Homology modelling of metabotropic glutamate receptor 2
© Mordalski et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2011
Published: 19 April 2011
Many studies show involvement of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) in synaptic excitation transudation. The mGluR family consists of eight proteins divided into three groups corresponding to sequence similarities, pharmacology and physiological role. These groups are: I (mGluR1, -5), II (mGluR2, -3) and III (mGluR4, -6, -7, -8). Group II lies in field of our interest due to its potential as therapeutic target for stroke and pain drugs. Primary goal of this research is to create viable virtual model of transmembrane domain of mGluR2 receptor capable of binding reference ligands. This model will be used for further research.
Our approach is based on homology modeling. Rhodopsin crystal structure has been used as a template for creating mGluR2 models. Due to inconsistencies between sequence alignments found in literature our alignment has been prepared basing on experimental secondary structure prediction for mGluR1 and mGluR3 . So created models were then tested against available mutational data [2, 3] and by flexible docking of known active/inactive compounds.
The study was partly supported by a grant PNRF-103-AI-1/07 from Norway through the Norwegian Financial Mechanism.
- Pin JP, Joly C, Heinemann SF, Bockaert J: Domains involved in the specificity of G protein activation in phospholipase C-coupled metabotropic glutamate receptors. EMBO J. 1994, 13: 342-348.Google Scholar
- Hu J, McLarnon SJ, Mora S, Jiang J, Thomas C, Jacobson KA, Spiegel AM: A region in the seven-transmembrane domain of the human Ca2- receptor critical for response to Ca2-. J Biol Chem. 2005, 280: 5113-5120. 10.1074/jbc.M413403200.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
- Yanagava M, Yamashita T, Shichida Y: Activation Switch in the Transmembrane Domain of Metabotropic glutamate receptor. Mol Pharmacol. 2009, 76: 201-207. 10.1124/mol.109.056549.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.