Volume 4 Supplement 1

7th German Conference on Chemoinformatics: 25 CIC-Workshop

Open Access

Design of dual ligands using excessive pharmacophore query alignment

  • Daniel Moser1,
  • Joanna Wisniewska1,
  • Steffen Hahn1,
  • Estel la Buscató1,
  • Franca-Maria Klingler1,
  • Janosch Achenbach1,
  • Bettina Hofmann1,
  • Dieter Steinhilber1 and
  • Ewgenij Proschak1
Journal of Cheminformatics20124(Suppl 1):O11

https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-2946-4-S1-O11

Published: 1 May 2012

Dual- or multi-target ligands have gained increased attention in the past years due to several advantages, including more simple pharmacokinetic and phamarcodynamic properties compared to a combined application of several drugs. Furthermore multi-target ligands often possess improved efficacy [1]. We present a new approach for the discovery of dual-target ligands using aligned pharmacophore models combined with a shape-based scoring. Starting with two sets of known active compounds for each target, a number of different pharmacophore models is generated and subjected to pairwise graph-based alignment using the Kabsch-Algorithm [2, 3]. Since a compound may be able to bind to different targets in different conformations, the algorithm aligns pairs of pharmacophore models sharing the same features which are not necessarily at the exactly same spatial distance. Using the aligned models, a pharmacophore search on a multi-conformation-database is performed to find compounds matching both models. The potentially “dual” ligands are scored by a shape-based comparison with the known active molecules using ShaEP [4].

Using this approach, we performed a prospective fragment-based virtual screening for dual 5-LO/sEH inhibitors. Both enzymes play an important role in the arachidonic acid cascade and are involved in inflammatory processes, pain, cardiovascular diseases and allergic reactions [5, 6]. Beside several new selective inhibitors we were able to find a compound inhibiting both enzymes in low micromolar concentrations. The results indicate that the idea of aligned pharmacophore models can be successfully employed for the discovery of dual-target ligands.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Institute of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, LiFF/OSF/ZAFES, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

References

  1. Morphy R, Rankovic Z: . J Med Chem. 2005, 48: 6523-6543. 10.1021/jm058225d.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Kabsch W: . Acta Crystallog., Sect A: Found Crystallogr. 1976, 32: 922-923. 10.1107/S0567739476001873.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  3. Kabsch W: . Acta Crystallogr, Sect A: Found Crystallogr. 1978, 34: 827-828. 10.1107/S0567739478001680.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  4. Vainio MJ, Puranen JS, Johnson MS: . J Chem Inf Model. 2009, 49: 492-502. 10.1021/ci800315d.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  5. Werz O, Steinhilber D: . Pharmacol Ther. 2006, 112: 701-718. 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2006.05.009.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  6. Inceoglu B, Schmelzer KR, Morisseau C, Jinks SL, Hammock BD: . Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediators. 2010, 82: 42-49.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Moser et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.