Volume 4 Supplement 1
Performance of dispersion-corrected density functional theory for thermochemistry and non-covalent interactions
© Hujo and Grimme; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2012
Published: 1 May 2012
The accuracy of non-local van der Waals density functional  is tested for the thermochemical properties of 1200+ atoms and molecules in the GMTKN30 database. Five (hybrid)GGA functionals are augmented by the non-local (NL) part of the VV10 functional. The widely used atom-pair wise dispersion correction DFT-D3  is considered for comparison. The addition of the NL dispersion energy definitely improves the results of all tested short-range functionals. Based on little empiricism and basic physical insight, DFT-NL can be recommended as robust electronic structure method.
For more detailed insight into non-covalent bonding, potential energy curves  for five complexes with weak to medium strong hydrogen bonds have been computed with dispersion corrected DFT methods VV10, DFT-D3 and vdW-DF2 . All dispersion corrected methods perform reasonably well for these hydrogen bonds. For the fluorinated complexes, the VV10 method gives remarkably good results. The vdW-DF2 method yields good interaction energies similar to the other methods, but fails to provide accurate equilibrium separations. For large-scale applications we can recommend DFT-D3 based structure optimizations with subsequent checking of interaction energies by single-point VV10 computations.
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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.